(Natural Herbs) Safflower

| September 10, 2012 | 0 Comments | 25 views

Safflower Scientific Names and Common Names,Safflower Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Safflower Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Natural Herbs) Safflower


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Carthamus tinctorius L.CompositaeComposite family

Common Names

American saffron
Dyers’ saffron
False saffron
Hung-lan-hua (Chinese name)
Mexican saffron
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Parts Usually Used

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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Safflower is an annual plant; its glabrous, branching stem grows from 1-3 feet high and bears alternate, sessile, oblong, or ovate-lanceolate, dark-green, shiny, leaves armed with small spiny teeth. The orange-yellow flowers grow in flower heads made up of clusters of green bracts, topped by tufts of deep yellow florets, turning orange as they mature; about 1 to 1 1/2 inches across. It is a short lived plant. Grows in poor, dry soil, in full sun.

Unrelated to saffron, but the dried and powdered orange-red florets are used as a saffron substitute.
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Where Found

Native to the Mediterranean countries and cultivated in Europe and the United States.
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Medicinal Properties

Diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, analgesic, carminative
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Biochemical Information

Carthamin, palmitic acid, stearic acid, arachic acid, oleic acid, linoleic and linolenic acids, safflower yellow
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Legends, Myths and Stories

Some herbs are cultivated on a surprisingly large scale. In southern California, vast fields of safflower are the basis for the safflower oil industry.

Used by the Chinese in candle making.

Safflower used as a coloring for white wines. Color is similar to the very expensive saffron.
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Taken hot, safflower tea produces strong perspiration and has thus been used for fevers, colds, and related ailments. It has also been used at times for its soothing effect in cases of hysteria, such as that associated with chlorosis. Used for delayed menses, poor blood circulation, bruises, injuries (used in liniments), and measles.

The flowers can be dried and powdered to make a saffron substitute; mixed with finely powdered talc, they make a rouge. Fresh flower petals yield dye colors ranging from yellows to reds. Flowers are used as a scent in potpourris and look nice dried in flower arrangements.
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Formulas or Dosages

Infusion: steep 1 tsp. flowers in 1 cup water. Take 1 to 2 cups a day.

Tincture: a dose is from 20-60 drops.
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, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973.

Herbal Gardening, compiled by The Robison York State Herb Garden, Cornell Plantations, Matthaei Botanical Gardens of the University of Michigan, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley., Pantheon Books, Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994, first edition

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, published from 1954, print 1988

, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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Category: Herbs

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