(Natural Herbs) Common Nightshade Woody Nightshade, Bittersweet

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 18 views

Common Nightshade
Woody Nightshade, Bittersweet Scientific Names and Common Names,Common Nightshade
Woody Nightshade, Bittersweet Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Common Nightshade
Woody Nightshade, Bittersweet Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Natural Herbs) Common Nightshade<br />
            Woody Nightshade, Bittersweet


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties
Uses | Warning | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Solanum nigrum
Solanum dulcamara

Common Nightshade Solanum nigrum L. Woody Nightshade, Bittersweet Solanum dulcamara L.

Common Names

Solanum dulcamara:
Bittersweet nightshade
Bittersweet herb
Bittersweet stems
Bittersweet twigs
Blue nightshade
Fever twig
Garden nightshade
Nightshade vine
Scarlet berry
Staff vine
Violet bloom
Woody nightshade

Solanum nigrum:
Black nightshade
Common nightshade
Deadly nightshade
Garden nightshade
Back to Top

Parts Usually Used

Solanum dulcamara: bark of the root, twigs.

Solanum nigrum: leaves, herb.
Back to Top

Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Any of several of the plants of the genus Solanum are called nightshade.

Solanum dulcamara is shrubby, thumb-thick, ashy-green, somewhat angular, climbing stem can reach a length off up to 10 feet. The dark green (or purplish when young) leaves are alternate and variable in shape (may be cordate, landeolate-ovate, or hastate). The purple, star-shaped flowers appear in paniculate clusters on shore lateral or terminal peduncles from May to August. The fruit is a scarlet, bitter berry that hangs on the vine for months after the leaves have fallen.

Solanum nigrum (black nightshade): its erect, angular, branching stem grows 1 to 2 feet high and may be glabrous or covered with inward bent hairs. The leaves are alternate, dark green, ovate, and wavy-toothed or nearly entire. Drooping, lateral, umbel-like clusters of white or pale violet flowers appear from July to October. The fruit is a many-seeded, pea-sized, purple or black berry.
Back to Top

Where Found

Solanum dulcamara is a perennial woody vine found in moist areas, around houses, and among hedges and thickets in the eastern and north-central states, the Pacific coast, and in Europe. This common woody vine is found around barnyards and waste places.

Solanum nigrum (black nightshade) is an annual plant found in gardens and along old walls and fences in various parts of the U.S. and southern Canada.
Back to Top

Medicinal Properties

Solanum dulcamara: anodyne, diuretic, emetic, herpatic, purgative.

Solanum nigrum: diaphoretic, narcotic, purgative.
Back to Top


Solanum dulcamara:
Although bittersweet nightshade is a relatively weak poison, it is used almost exclusively for external problems. Use it as a poultice for gout, herpes, furuncles, warts, ringworms, shingles, old ulcers, and felons. Combined with chamomile it makes a good ointment for swellings, bruises, sprains, and corns. For skin diseases and sores, combine with yellow dock.

Dulcamara is used as a starting material for steroids and is confirmed by scientists to be significant in anti-cancer activity.

Solanum nigrum:
Taken internally in very small amounts, the leaves strongly promote perspiration and purge the bowels the next day. The juice of the fresh herb is sometimes used for fever and to allay pain. In large doses, black nightshade can cause serious, but usually not fatal, poisoning. Externally, the juice or an ointment prepared from the leaves can be used for skin problems, cancers, and tumors. The berries are poisonous, but boiling apparently destroys the toxic substances and makes them usable for preserves, jams, and pies. Extracts used in tea in India, China, Europe, Japan, Africa, etc.
Back to Top


Bittersweet nightshade (solanum dulcamara) should not be taken internally without medical supervision. Contains steroids, toxic alkaloids, and glucosides. Will cause vomiting, vertigo, convulsions, weakened heart, and paralysis.

Take black nightshade internally only under medical supervision. Some varieties contain solanine, steroids; deaths have been reported from use. In India, some varieties are eaten as vegetables, but similar varieties may be violently toxic.

There is a deadly nightshade; be sure not to confuse them. Even so, use moderately.
Back to Top


, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

, 15th Edition, F. A. Davis Company, 1915 Arch Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103, copyright 1985

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

Back to Top

Tags: , , , , , , ,

Category: Herbs

About the Author (Author Profile)

Holle everybody welcome to the acupunctureschoolonline.com. My name is Mo, I hope discuss about acupuncture with everybody! Hope you can find what you want in my website.If you have questions , please click here --Our A&Q system.http://ask.acupunctureschoolonline.com

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.