(Medicinal Herbs) Pitcher Plant

| September 10, 2012 | 0 Comments | 18 views

Pitcher Plant Scientific Names and Common Names,Pitcher Plant Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Pitcher Plant Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Medicinal Herbs)  Pitcher Plant

Contents:

Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Warning | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Sarracenia purpurea L. Sarraceniaceae Order: Nepenthales Pitcher-plant family

Common Names

Eve’s cup
Flytrap (not the Venus flytrap)
Huntsman’s cup
Smallpox plant
Watercup
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Parts Usually Used

Root, leaves
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Pitcher plant is a native North American unique perennial plant, 8-24 inches high; a horizontal, round rootstock produces the basal, pitcherlike, purple-veined leaves which are topped by an arching hood and are hairy and sticky on the inside, to trap insects, which the plant consumes. A solitary, large, red or purple flower nods on a naked flower stalk 1-2 feet high during May and June.
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Where Found

Grows in swamps, peat or sphagnum bogs, savannas, wet meadows, and wet areas from Maryland to Minnesota and in Canada. Also in California and Oregon.
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Medicinal Properties

Astringent, diuretic, stimulant, tonic
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Legends, Myths and Stories

Various plants with slippery, pitcherlike leaves that contain a pool of enzymes that digest trapped insects are called pitcher plants. Most of these grow in swamps and bogs.The “pitchers” have smooth surfaces and downward-pointing hairs, making it difficult for insects to crawl out. Once the insect drowns, the leaves secrete enzymes that digest the insect’s soft body parts, which allows the plant to obtain nutrients that would otherwise be unavailable in its habitat.
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Uses

Used to stimulate appetite and improve digestion. Its most interesting use; Native Americans used an infusion of the rootstock against smallpox, both to prevent immunity and to lessen the severity of the disease. It was rejected by the medical profession in the 19th century as ineffective for this purpose, but the evidence was not conclusive on either side.
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Warning

May be a threatened species; best left undisturbed in the wild.
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Bibliography

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Frances Densmore, Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014, first printed by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, in 1928, this Dover edition 1974

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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Category: Herbs

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