(Medicinal Herbs) Horehound

| September 10, 2012 | 0 Comments | 33 views

Horehound Scientific Names and Common Names,Horehound Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Horehound Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Medicinal Herbs)  Horehound


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Nutrient Content | How Sold | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Marrubium vulgare L.LabiataeMint family

Common Names

White horehound
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Parts Usually Used

Flowers and leaves (fresh or dried in the shade)
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Horehound is a strongly, rank-scented perennial plant with a dense covering of white hairs, growing 2-3 feet tall; a fibrous, spindle-shaped rootstock send up numerous bushy, square, downy stems. The root is blackish, hard and woody, with many strings. The leaves with rounded teeth on the margins are opposite, petioled, usually wrinkled, roundish-ovate, rough on top, and woolly underneath. The small, white, dense, two-lipped flowers feature a spiny, toothed, calyx with 10 bristly, curved teeth, and grow in axillary whorls on the upper leaves; from June to September. Full sun. Zones 4-9. After blooming time appear small round blackish seed. Seed ripen in August.

Another variety: Black horehound (Ballota nigra), also known as hen-bit, is used to relieve morning sickness.
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Where Found

Found in waste places, sheep pastures, vacant lots, abandoned fields, dry, sandy spots, in upland fields and pastures, and along roadsides in coastal areas of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Europe. Native of southern Europe, Asia, North Africa, the Canary Islands, and the Azores.
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Medicinal Properties

Anthelmintic (large doses), antispasmodic, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic
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Biochemical Information

Iron, marrubiin, volatile oils, potassium, resin, tannins, the B complex, and vitamins A, C, E, and F.
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Legends, Myths and Stories

The Egyptians called this plant the seed of Horus, bull’s blood, and eye of the star.

For centuries a cough remedy, horehound was used by Hippocrates to treat a variety of ailments.

Called an herb of Mercury, the horehound was used widely as a medicine by the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. The Greeks often used it as an anti-spasmodic drug and as an antidote for the bite of a ad dog, hence its common name, hoarhound.

It is one of the bitter herbs that the Jews eat at Passover time, the others being nettle, horseradish, coriander, and lettuce. The common name of horehound, originating from the Hebrew, “marrob,” meaning “a bitter juice”.

Dioscorides claimed a decoction of the dried herb with seed, or the juice of the green herb taken with honey, is a remedy for those that are short-winded.

Horehound can help relieve the dragged-out, sluggish feeling that often accompanies a bad cold or the flu. Also, rids the body of excess water.
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Take for coughs, common colds, asthma, jaundice, fever, chronic sore throat, consumption, hoarseness, stimulate appetite, intestinal gas, gallbladder disorders, jaundice, hepatitis, laxative, asthma. Decreases thickness and increases fluidity of mucus in bronchial tubes and lungs. Fresh leaves poulticed on cuts, wounds. Volatile oil is an expectorant, acts as a vasodilator, calms the heart, and relieves palpitations. The malodorous, bitter leaves are a well-known ingredient in cough syrups and throat lozenges. In large doses it is a laxative. Taken cold for dyspepsia, hysteria, and will expel worms.

As an expectorant, it can be taken as a tea, a syrup, or a dilute alcoholic extract for acute or chronic bronchitis. Horehound is also given for typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever. It is said to restore the normal balance of secretions by various organs and glands. Try it for nervous heart conditions, to calm heart action. Taken warm, the infusion is diaphoretic and diuretic; taken cold, it makes a good stomach tonic. Externally, either the tea or the crushed leaves can be applied for temporary or persistent skin problems, and shingles.

Culpeper states it was given to “them that have taken poison, or are stung or bitten by venomous serpents.” The leaves used with honey heal external ulcers, sores; helps pain, helps clear eyesight
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Formulas or Dosages

Can be used fresh or dried.

Infusion: steep 1 tsp. herb in 1/2 cup water. Take 1 to 1 1/2 cups a day, a mouthful at a time. Sweeten with honey if taken for lung or heart problems.

Syrup: add a pound of sugar to 1 pint of infusion.

Cough syrup: boil 1/4 cup dried horehound with 2 cups water for 10 minutes; strain. Combine one part of the mixture with 2 parts honey; stir until smooth. Children can drink this mixture freely for coughs and sore throat.

Extract: for coughs, a tea made from 10-40 drops of extract in warm water works best. Use up to 3 times daily.

Juice: take 1 tsp. fresh juice, 2 times a day.

Tincture: take 5-40 drops in hot water, as needed.
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Nutrient Content

Iron, potassium, the B complex, and vitamins A, C, E, and F.
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How Sold

Cough drops

Medicinal candy

Cough syrup
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, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

Herbal Gardening, compiled by The Robison York State Herb Garden, Cornell Plantations, Matthaei Botanical Gardens of the University of Michigan, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley., Pantheon Books, Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994, first edition

, by David Conway, published by Jonathan Cape, Thirty Bedford Square, London, England. (Out of print)

, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

, by Earl Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Simon & Schuster/Fireside, Rockefeller Center 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10020

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1988, fifth printing, 1994

, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by James F. Balch, M.D. and Phyllis A. Balch, C.N.C., Avery Publishing Group, Inc., Garden City Park, NY

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

, Meredith Books, Editorial Dept. RW240, 1716 Locust Street, Des Moines, IA 50309-3023, copyright 1994

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Category: Herbs

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