(Medicinal Herbs) Dogbane

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 13 views

Dogbane Scientific Names and Common Names,Dogbane Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Dogbane Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Medicinal Herbs)  Dogbane


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Warning | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Apocynum androsaemifolium L.ApocynaceaeOrder GentianalesDogbane family

Common Names

Milk ipecac
Mountain hemp
Spreading dogbane
Wandering milkweed
Western wallflower
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Parts Usually Used

Rootstock and dried rhizome. Not to be used without medical supervision.
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Designating a family of dictyledonous herbs, shrubs, and trees, including frangipani and periwinkle.

Dogbane is a bushy, shrub-like, perennial, hairless plant with tough fibrous bark on the stems, exuding milky latex juice when broken.

A large, horizontal, milky rootstock sends up a glabrous stem with tough, fibrous bark to a height of 1-4 feet. The leaves are opposite, roundish to oblong-ovate or ovate, dark green above, lighter and hairy beneath, and grow on short, reddish petioles. The nodding bell-shaped, drooping, fragrant flowers grow in terminal cymes and are pink outside, pink and white striped inside or pink with red markings inside. Blooming time is May to August. The fruit is a pair of long, slender pods. All parts of the plant contain a milky juice.

This plant, dogbane, differs from its close relative Indian Hemp (A. cannabinum) in that its leaves are mostly sessile (stalkless), and the flowers are both in leaf axils and terminal.

Another plant is also called bitterroot (Lewisia rediviva) was commonly eaten by the Native Americans in Montana.
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Where Found

Dogbane is a native perennial plant found in both the Atlantic and Pacific coastal states, in dry, sandy soils and around the edges of forests. Less commonly on roadsides and in fields. Newfoundland to Georgia and Arizona. Absent from Kansas and south of North Carolina highlands.
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Medicinal Properties

Cathartic, diaphoretic, emetic, expectorant, laxative, stimulant, tonic
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Legends, Myths and Stories

Dogbane is so named, they say, because it is said to be poisonous to dogs.

In North America there are 60 species.

No side effects have been found from the proper administration under medical guidance.

Not recommended for use without medical direction.
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Dogbane has been used to relieve dyspepsia, constipation, fever, gallstones, and dropsy. Used in treatment of liver disorders. Given in large doses, it is cathartic and emetic and may cause other symptoms of poisoning. When used, it is generally combined with less harsh medications suitable for the intended purpose.

A diuretic in dropsy after heart failure. Hemp dogbane is used in medicine in the treatment of heart failure but even in small doses it is dangerous.

Native Americans used the root of dogbane for many ailments. It induces sweating and vomiting; laxative. Used in headaches with sluggish bowels and syphilis.
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Formulas or Dosages

Infusion: Steep 1 tsp. rootstock in 1 pint of boiling water. Take cold, 2 to 3 tsp. 6 times per day.

Tincture: take 5 to 10 drops in water before meals.
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Poisonous. Cymarin, a cardioactive glycoside, poisons cattle. Eating the leaves has killed the livestock. The milky sap has been used safely externally as a remedy.

The plant has shown anti-tumor activity.

Not recommended for use without medical direction.
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, by Frances Densmore, Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014, first printed by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, in 1928, this Dover edition 1974

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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Category: Herbs

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