(Medicinal Herbs) Black Currant

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 16 views

Black Currant Scientific Names and Common Names,Black Currant Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Black Currant Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Medicinal Herbs)  Black Currant


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Nutrient Content | Resource Links | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Ribes nigrum L.SaxifragaceaeSaxifrage family

Common Names

Garden black currant
Quinsy berry
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Parts Usually Used

Leaves, fruit
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Black currant is a small deciduous shrub, growing to a height of 6-7 feet; the leaves are alternate, palmately 3-5-lobed, doubly serrate, and more or less cordate. The large, strongly scented leaves are broader than long. Drooping racemes (in the leaf axils) of greenish-white or greenish-yellow, bell-shaped flowers appear in April and May. The fruit is a berry that is dark brown at first, turning black, juicy and round when ripe.
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Where Found

Found in moist soils and shallow marshes. It is also cultivated in North America. Native of Europe.
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Medicinal Properties

Diaphoretic, diuretic, nutritive, demulcent
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Biochemical Information

Gamma-linolenic acid, vitamin C, tannin, traces of essential oil, enzyme emulsion.
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Legends, Myths and Stories

The vitamin C content of ripe black currant berries, 120 milligrams per 3.52 oz. (100g), is said to far exceed that of citrus fruit.

Shoshone name: Owa pawump.

Washoe name: Non hal wa.
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The leaf tea stimulates the kidneys and is good for gouty and rheumatic problems, as well as for arteriosclerosis. Drunk cold, it is also useful for hoarsness and other throat ailments. Both the leaf tea and the expressed juice of the berries can be used for whooping cough in children. The berries or their juice is also beneficial in colic pains, diarrhea, anemia. Use an infusion of the dried berries as a gargle for inflammation in the mouth and as a mouthwash for bleeding gums.

Used to flavor liqueurs and cordials.
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Formulas or Dosages

Collect the leaves after flowering, the berries when ripe. Do not use leaves that have fungus on the lower side. Use only the leaf blades, not the petioles. Black currant is often infested with crown rust fungus.

Infusion: use 1 tsp. dried leaves to 1/2 cup water. Parboil and steep for 5 minutes. Take 1 to 1 1/2 cups a day, unsweetened, a mouthful at a time. For whooping cough only, sweeten with honey.

Infusion to make gargle or mouthwash: use 1 to 2 tsp. dried berries to 1 cup boiling water.

Berry juice: take 1 tbsp. several times a day, or as needed.
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Nutrient Content

Vitamin C and B complex

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Resource Links

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, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

, by Dr. H.C.A. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Frances Densmore, Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014, first printed by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, in 1928, this Dover edition 1974

, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by James F. Balch, M.D. and Phyllis A. Balch, C.N.C., Avery Publishing Group, Inc., Garden City Park, NY

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

, by Mannfried Pahlow, Barron's Educational Series, Inc. 250 Wireless Blvd., Hauppauge, NY 11788, 1992

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Category: Herbs

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