(Medicinal Herbs) Arnica

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 49 views

Arnica Scientific Names and Common Names,Arnica Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Arnica Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Medicinal Herbs)  Arnica

Contents:

Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Warning | Bibliography


Scientific Names

Arnica
Arnica Flowers

Arnica montana L. Compositae Composite family

Common Names

Arnica flowers
Arnica root
Common arnica
Leopard's bane
Mountain arnica
Mountain tobacco
Wolfsbane
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Parts Usually Used

Flowers, rootstock
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Arnica is a perennial plant; the horizontal, brown, branched rootstock sends up a slightly hairy, simple or lightly branched stem that reaches a height of 1-2 feet. The basal leaves are oblong-ovate and short-petioled; the upper leaves are smaller and sessile. Each plant has 1 to 9 large, yellow, daisy-like flowerheads, 2-2 1/2 inches wide, whose rays are notched on the outer tips. The flowers appear from June to August.Other varieties: A. fulgens, A. sororia, A. cordifolia, etc.
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Where Found

Found in mountainous areas of Canada, the northern United States, and Europe. A European native.
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Medicinal Properties

Diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, stimulant, vulnerary
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Legends, Myths and Stories

Arnica montana was used in Russian Folk medicine.

Arnica is on the list of strictly protected plants since it is threatened with extinction. Please respect this.
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Uses

Arnica is used externally mostly. Used as a salve or tincture, helps heal wounds, bruises, arthritis, and irritations. Only very dilute solutions of the tincture should be used (the herb can cause blistering and inflammation). Used as a poultice but not often. Native Americans used the ointment for stiffened, cramped muscles, poor appetite, hair loss, and arnica tincture to open wounds and gashes, sprains.
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Formulas or Dosages

Use professionally prepared remedies when possible.

Infusion: use 1 tsp. dried flowers with 1/2 cup boiling water. Take in 3 equal portions during the day for diaphoretic, diuretic, or expectorant action.

External wash: steep 2 heaping tsp. flowers in 1 cup boiling water. Use cold.

Tincture: use a dilute solution of 1 to 2 tbsp. to a cup of water.

Ointment: heat 1 oz. flowers in 1 oz. olive oil or lard in a water bath (in a double boiler) for a few hours. Strain through several layers of cheesecloth.
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Warning

One reference cautions not to use arnica on broken skin.

The herb can cause blistering and inflammation. An irritant to the stomach and intestines, can cause serious damage to the heart; and fatalities from poisoning have been reported.

Arnica should not be used for any purpose without medical supervision.
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Bibliography

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

, by Mannfried Pahlow, Barron's Educational Series, Inc. 250 Wireless Blvd., Hauppauge, NY 11788, 1992

, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Earl Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Simon & Schuster/Fireside, Rockefeller Center 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10020

Herbal Gardening, compiled by The Robison York State Herb Garden, Cornell Plantations, Matthaei Botanical Gardens of the University of Michigan, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley., Pantheon Books, Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994, first edition

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, by Dr. H.C.A. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

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Category: Herbs

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