How is Panic and Anxiety Related?

| September 11, 2010 | 0 Comments | 335 views

Panic and anxiety are closely related. Anxiety is the main emotion felt during a panic attack. Although anxiety is a normal feeling, it can cause six psychological disorders. The disorders are generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

In panic disorder, a person experiences the recurrence of panic attack episodes. The panic attacks usually peaks in ten minutes and is the feeling of an intense fear or discomfort. Panic attacks are accompanied with somatic or physiologic symptoms like, upset stomach and dry mouth. Panic attacks are so intense, even in its physical manifestation that it can be mistaken as a heart attack or a person has gone crazy.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), panic attacks are unexpected and bound to situations. This means that panic attacks occur spontaneously and are usually triggered by certain situations. Some panic attacks are triggered by existing phobias. There is a high percentage that adolescents who experience panic attacks will develop other mental illness during young adulthood.

Panic and anxiety can profoundly affect the life of an individual. It disrupts the normal activities of daily living. Because of fear and apprehension, it is hard for a person to build and maintain relationships. The focus that one usually has for work and tasks is now significantly decreased because of the preoccupation with the unwanted emotions. Many factors and considered causing panic attacks. One of it is the hereditary factor.

It is saying that the susceptibility of a person to panic is relevantly high to those whose parentage has a history of panic attack. Some people also have a high sensitivity for trauma, stress and tension. This sensitivity makes it hard for them to cope causing them to panic.

Panic and anxiety is often treated with Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI), an antidepressant. This is because panic attacks can easily lead to depression. When a person is depressed, causing harm to one's self or to others is common. So safely is a priority in taking care of people with panic attacks and other anxiety disorders. Those who experience panic attacks might resist the drug therapy. An explanation must be given properly, making the person understand the illness and the purpose of the medications. Although it does not heal the panic disorder outright, it relieves some of the symptoms of a panic attack. Treatment for this is mainly focused on the safety during a panic attack and avoidance of any panic attack occurrence.

It is also crucial to equip the person with the proper knowledge regarding the disorder and its treatment. Once it is done, relaxing exercises must be given to counter-attack the anxiety. This helps the body fight the anxiety while it is still building up.

Relaxing exercises may be deep breathing exercises, yoga, meditation, acupuncture and many more. One way of channeling the energy and releasing the tension from the body is through engaging in physical activities like jogging, basketball, volleyball or simply walking. All that matters is that the person understands what he or she is going through and that he or she is equipped with the knowledge and techniques to cope with panic and anxiety.

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