(Herbs Wiki) Plantain

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 66 views

Plantain Scientific Names and Common Names,Plantain Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Plantain Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Herbs Wiki) Plantain


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Nutrient Content | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Plantago lanceolata L. Plantago major L. Plantaginaceae Plantain family

Common Names

Lance-leaf plantain
Ch’e-ch’ien (Chinese name)
Common plantain
English plantain
Englishman’s foot
Round-leaved plantain
Snake plantain
Snake weed
Soldier’s herb

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Parts Usually Used

The plant, fresh or dried
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Lance-leaf plantain is a perennial plant; the erect, long-stalked, lanceolate, well-defined veined leaves, each up to 8 inches long, grow from the rootstock on margined petioles in a basal rosette. Several grooved flower stalks may grow from 6-30 inches high, tipped by a short spike of tiny white flowers whose brownish sepals and bracts give the spike its predominantly dark color. Flowering time is from April to November. Fruiting spike has many small, hard fruits.

Other varieties: Common plantain (P. major), pale indian plantain (Cacalia atriplicifolia), and gray ribwort (P. media).
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Where Found

A very common weed inhabits bear trodden ground in waste places, backyards, along tracks, meadows, roadsides, agricultural lands, and dooryards in the eastern and Pacific coastal states of the United States, and in Canada and Europe. Native of Europe. Grows practically all over the United States.
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Medicinal Properties

Alterative, antiseptic, antisyphilitic, astringent, demulcent, deobstruent, diuretic, expectorant, hemostatic, styptic, vulnerary
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Biochemical Information

Mucilage and a heteroside, aucuboside that hyrolizes into aucubine and sugar
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Legends, Myths and Stories

Tradition maintains that English plantain springs up wherever English people set foot, no matter what the climate.
The botanical name is derived from the word “planta,” a foot, and “ago” a wort (meaning plant) in allusion to the shape of the broad leaves as they lay on the ground.

There are 2 kinds of plantain, narrow and wide leaf. Both are good and the whole plant is used in either case.
The Smoky Valley Shoshones made a tea from the whole plant and used as poultices for battle wounds and bruises.

Old timers used to kill spiders with plantain tea sprinkled on their webs and around the rooms.
An 18th century physician wrote: “in his own experience, he has found that fresh plantain leaves, placed upon the feet, will ease the pain and fatigue engendered by long walks.”

In China, the common plantain (P. major) is a pest. The seeds were eaten, with a sweetish, cooling taste.
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Useful remedy for cough irritations and hoarseness and for gastritis and enteritis. Good for all respiratory problems, bronchitis, asthma, especially those involving mucous congestion. Used for diarrhea, nosebleed, kidney and bladder trouble, jaundice, headache, infections, hepatitis, spermatorrhea, loss of sexual power, promotes fertility, bedwetting, sciatica, tuberculosis, syphilis, snakebites, worms, toothache, dropsy, prevent blood poisoning, excessive menses, and inflamed eyes. A decoction of the dried leaves promotes the coagulation of blood. The fresh juice, pressed from the whole plant, is helpful for chronic catarrhal problems, hay fever, allergic rhinitis, gastro-intestinal ailments, and worms. Externally, the fresh leaves are crushed for application to erysipelas, eczema, burns, ringworms, tetters, shingles, scalds, wounds, running sores, ulcers, cuts, scratches, boils, tumors, insect bites even hemorrhoids. Widely used as a laxative, and combats inflammation.

If stung by insects, immediately rub some crushed English plantain leaves into the area around the sites of the stings, this will prevent swelling and itching. English plantain grows everywhere and is easily spotted.
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Formulas or Dosages

Infusion: steep 1 tbsp. leaves in 1/2 cup water for 5 minutes. Take 1 cup a day.
Decoction: boil 2 oz. dried leaves in 1/2 qt. water. Helps coagulate blood.
Juice: take 1 tbsp. in water or milk or mixed with 1 tbsp. honey, 3 times a day.
Ointment: for hemorrhoids, boil 2 oz. of the plant in 1 pint soybean or peanut oil.
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Nutrient Content

Considerable quantity of potassium (lack of potassium in the body can cause a weak heart, dropsy, enlarged glands such as the prostate, upset stomach, or swollen testicles)
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, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994

, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973.

, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

, by Dr. H.C.A. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991

Herbal Gardening, compiled by The Robison York State Herb Garden, Cornell Plantations, Matthaei Botanical Gardens of the University of Michigan, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley., Pantheon Books, Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994, first edition

, by David Conway, published by Jonathan Cape, Thirty Bedford Square, London, England. (Out of print)

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Frances Densmore, Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014, first printed by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, in 1928, this Dover edition 1974

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1988, fifth printing, 1994

, by Richard Lucas, Parker Publishing Company, Inc., West Nyack, NY, 1987.

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

, by Mannfried Pahlow, Barron's Educational Series, Inc. 250 Wireless Blvd., Hauppauge, NY 11788, 1992

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