(Herbs Wiki) Mullein

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 41 views

Mullein Scientific Names and Common Names,Mullein Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Mullein Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Herbs Wiki) Mullein


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Nutrient Content | How Sold | Warning | Resource Links | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Verbascum thapsus L.ScrophulariaceaeFigwort family

Common Names

Aaron’s rod
Blanket leaf
Bullock’s lungwort
Cow’s lungwort
Flannel dock
Flannel flower
Great mullein
Hare’s beard
Jacob’s staff
Mullein dock
Old man’s flannel
Pig taper
Shepherd’s club
Velvet dock
Velvet leaf
Velvet plant
Verbascum flowers
White mullein
Woollen blanket herb
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Parts Usually Used

Leaves, flowers, root
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Mullein is a tall biennial plant; the tall, stout, simple or branched stem bears alternate, thick, felt-like, light green leaves, whose stems are winged by decurrent bases and are woolly with many star-shaped hairs and their bases run down the stem. There is also a basal rosette of larger, obovate-lanceolate or -oblong leaves. Yellow, sessile flowers grow in cylindrical spikes, 1 to 3 inches long, from June to September. The flower stalk does not develop until the second year. Fruits are woolly capsules.Other varieties: Common mullein (V. thapsiforme); Orange mullein (V. phlomoides); Black mullein (V. nigrum).
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Where Found

Grows in clearings, fields, roadsides, sand pits, gravel pits, pastures, and waste places (seems to thrive in the poorest of soils) from the Atlantic coast west to South Dakota and Kansas. Naturalized from Europe.
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Medicinal Properties

Diuretic, expectorant, analgesic, tonic, anodyne, antispasmodic, demulcent, vulnerary, astringent, emollient, pectoral, sedative
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Biochemical Information

Iron, potassium, sulfur, aucubin, choline, hesperidin, mucilage, traces of essential oil, magnesium, PABA, saponins, verbaside, vitamins B2, B5, B12, and D.
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Legends, Myths and Stories

According to Agrippa, a general and minister under Caesar Augustus, mullein leaves, because of their fragrance, had an overpowering effect on demons. More mundanely, the plant was also used by the Greeks and the Romans to make torches or lampwicks by dipping its dried flower-stalks in tallow.

The large stalks were oiled and used for funeral torches in olden times.

In the Middle Ages, people deprecatingly called the mullein “hag taper”, because witches used it in their incantations and as an important ingredient in their brews and love potions.

At the time of Charlemagne mullein was misused for catching fish in “forbidden” waters. Boiling down a large quantity of mullein plants in water and pouring the decoction into fish ponds, the saponins in the mullein will reduce the surface tension of the water to such an extent that the water will get into the gills of the fish, which then drown in their own “element”.

Dioscorides used the herb for scorpion stings, eye complaints, toothache, tonsillitis, and coughs.

The Native Americans used mullein alone or in tobacco mixtures; also used in medicinal smokes.
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For difficult breathing, asthma, glandular swelling, and hay fever. Used as a pain killer, sleep aid, colic, in the right dosage, can control diarrhea or dysentery, or be a laxative. Gets rid of warts.

Tea makes good remedy for cough, hoarseness, bronchitis, sinusitis, tuberculosis, bronchial catarrh, mumps, and whooping cough. Used for gastrointestinal problems and piles. For external use on inflammations, arthritis, frostbite, gout, or painful skin conditions, use the tea or a fomentation of the leaves boiled or steeped in hot vinegar and water. For nasal congestion, flu, inflammation of nerve tissue, nerve pain, croup, or other respiratory problems, breathe the vapor from hot water with a handful of flowers added. A poultice of leaves or the powder of dried leaves can be used for difficult wounds, boils, ulcers, and sores. Flowers soaked in olive or mineral oil used as earache drops. Excellent pain killer without being habit forming.

Leaves can be boiled in water and the steam can be inhaled to relieve coughs and congestion.

The leaves are smoked, alone or with coltsfoot and yerba santa, to soothe the throat and as a substitute for tobacco.

The seed is a narcotic fish poison.
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Formulas or Dosages

Use dried flowers or leaves.

Infusion: steep 1 tsp. leaves or flowers in 1 cup water. Take 1 to 2 cups a day.

Extract: mix 25 to 40 drops in liquid. Drink 3 to 4 times daily for coughs.

Tincture: take 15-40 drops in warm water, every 2 to 4 hours.
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Nutrient Content

Iron, potassium, magnesium, vitamins B2, B5, B12, and D.
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How Sold

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The leaves contain rotenone and coumarin, neither viewed with great favor by the FDA. Hairs may irritate skin.

Do not use as ear drops if there is a risk that the ear drum is perforated.
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Resource Links

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, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994

, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, published from 1954, print 1988

, by Earl Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Simon & Schuster/Fireside, Rockefeller Center 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10020

, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

, by David Conway, published by Jonathan Cape, Thirty Bedford Square, London, England. (Out of print)

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1988, fifth printing, 1994

Herbal Gardening, compiled by The Robison York State Herb Garden, Cornell Plantations, Matthaei Botanical Gardens of the University of Michigan, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley., Pantheon Books, Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994, first edition

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by James F. Balch, M.D. and Phyllis A. Balch, C.N.C., Avery Publishing Group, Inc., Garden City Park, NY

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, HCBL (Health Center for Better Living).,1414 Rosemary Lane, Naples, FL 34103., Special Sale Catalog, 1996

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

, by Mannfried Pahlow, Barron's Educational Series, Inc. 250 Wireless Blvd., Hauppauge, NY 11788, 1992

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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