(Herbs Knowledge) Olive

| September 10, 2012 | 0 Comments | 6 views

Olive Scientific Names and Common Names,Olive Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Olive Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

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  • Olea europaea L.
  • Olive family

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Contents:

Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Nutrient Content | How Sold | Warning | Resource Links | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Olea europaea L.Olive family

Common Names

Olive fruit
Olive tree
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Parts Usually Used

Leaves, bark, fruit
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Olives

Description of Plant(s) and Culture

The olive tree is an evergreen; the hard, yellow wood of the gnarled trunk is covered by gray-green bark; the branches extend to a height of 25 feet or more. The opposite, leathery leaves are elliptic, oblong, or lanceolate in shape; they are dark green on top and have silvery scales beneath. The fragrant white flowers grow in axillary panicles that are shorter than the leaves. The fruit is an oblong or nearly round drupe which is shiny black when ripe.
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Where Found

Native to the Mediterranean area but widely grown in tropical areas and warm climates.
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Medicinal Properties

Leaves: antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, febrifuge, tranquilizer, vasodilator and they lower blood pressure
Oil: cholagogue, demulcent, emollient, laxative, nutritive
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Biochemical Information

Pure olive oil contains 2% saturated fats, 2% polyunsaturated fats, and 10% monosaturated fatsFatty oil, with linoleic, oleic, palmitic, stearic and arachidic acids; also small amounts of free fatty acids, phytosterin, enzymes, bitter principle, pigment and a trace of lecithin
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Legends, Myths and Stories

Pure virgin olive oil helps reduce serum cholesterol. A monosaturated acid-rich diet that includes olive oil may be the reason for the low cholesterol plasma levels found in Italy and Greece. Best of all, lowering cholesterol levels with natural products that have no side-effects is, by some people’s opinion, better than taking cholesterol-lowering drugs that may trigger other conditions such as psoriasis or worsen it, or have far worse side-effects, some of which are still unknown. Scientific studies in France, Yugoslavia and elsewhere have shown that daily doses of olive oil can effectively reduce blood cholesterol.

In the prehistoric Neolithic period, men in the Near East and the eastern Mediterranean area were already cultivating the olive tree, mainly for its oil. Since then, olive oil has served primarily as a food, but also as a fuel for lamps, as medicine, as an emollient for dry skin, and as an anointing oil for religious purposes. In many countries, from the Orient to the Mediterranean, the olive has been a symbol of peace and wealth. It is also regarded as a sign of safe travel, from the biblical accounts of the dove’s bringing back an olive leaf to Noah on Mount Ararat to indicate that the waters of the flood had nearly subsided.

According to Greek myth, the goddess of wisdom, Athene, taught men the use of the olive tree. Both Athene and Poseidon, the god of the sea, wanted to be the patron of Attica, the section of Greece that includes the city of Athens. The other gods on Mount Olympus devised a contest for them, specifying that the winner would be the one who could provide the best gift to the people of Attica. Poseidon struck the ground with his trident, and a horse sprang forth; Athene did likewise with her spear, and an olive tree grew up. The gods decided that the olive, as a symbol of peace and agriculture, was a much better gift than Poseidon’s horse, a symbol of war. So Athene became the patron of Attica, and its principal city was named after her. Hardly by coincidence, Attica was the number one producer of olives in all of Greece.

Olive trees are known to live a long time, some well over a thousand years. It is claimed that some olive trees growing in the garden of Gethsemane date back to the time of Christ. Olive oil is similar to sesame seed oil.

Since biblical times, the olive branch has been a symbol of peace and prosperity.
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Uses

A decoction of the leaves or inner bark of the tree is effective against fever, mild tranquilizer, and treats stomach ulcers. An infusion of the leaves has a tranquilizing effect helpful for nervous tension and lower blood pressure by dilating blood vessels. Olive oil taken internally increases secretion of bile and acts as a laxative by encouraging muscular contraction in the bowels and is reported to be a good preventative of gallstones or to help in the eviction of the gallstones. Relieves constipation. It is also soothing to mucous membrane and is said to dissolve blood cholesterol. Olive oil is high in monounsaturated fats, and has the ability to reduce the “bad” cholesterol (LDL) in the blood without reducing the good cholesterol (HDL). Studies show that a diet high in olive oil will result in a lower incidence of heart disease, rather than those who eat diets high in other forms of fat. (To prevent heart disease, nutritionists recommend limiting daily intake of fat calories to 30% of total daily caloric intake, and 10% to 15% of that should be monounsaturates such as olive oil. Olive oil is useful externally for burns, bruises, insect bites, sprains, bursitis, dry scalp, dry hair, and intense itching (pruritus). With alcohol it makes a good hair tonic, and with oil of rosemary a good treatment for dandruff. One of its most common uses is as a base for liniments and ointments. Olive oil enters into the manufacture of cosmetics, toilet soaps, hair preparations, shampoos, and skin lotions.
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Formulas or Dosages

Infusion: steep 1 to 2 tsp. leaves in 1 cup water for 10 minutes. A dose is 2 tsp. or a mouthful several times per day.
Decoction: boil 2 handfuls leaves or bark in 1 qt. water until 1 cup liquid remains.
Oil: as a laxative, take 1 to 2 fl. oz. straight-up per day, as a cholagogue, take 1 to 2 tsp. at a time.
To reduce cholesterol (LDL), substitute 1 to 2 tbsp. of olive oil for other fat in cooking or as salad oil daily.
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Nutrient Content

Fats, carbohydrates, iron, and vitamin E

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How Sold

Ripe olives, stuffed olives, and pure olive oil can be obtained in any supermarket
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Warning

Do not use as a laxative during pregnancy.
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Resource Links

LiveStrong.com: Calories in a Dry Martini Cocktail

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Bibliography

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1988, fifth printing, 1994

, by Earl Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Simon & Schuster/Fireside, Rockefeller Center 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10020

, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, by Richard Lucas, Parker Publishing Co. (1988).

, by Dr. H.C.A. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991

, by James F. Balch, M.D. and Phyllis A. Balch, C.N.C., Avery Publishing Group, Inc., Garden City Park, NY

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Richard Lucas, Parker Publishing Company, Inc., West Nyack, NY, 1987.

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

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