(Herbs Knowledge) Indigo

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 58 views

Indigo Scientific Names and Common Names,Indigo Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Indigo Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Herbs Knowledge) Indigo


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Warning | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Baptisia tinctoria L. Indigofera tinctoria L. Leguminosae Pea family

Common Names

American indigo
False indigo
Rattle bush
Horsefly bush
Horsefly weed
Indigo broom
Lan-ts’ao (Chinese name)
Wild indigo
Yellow broom
Yellow indigo
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Parts Usually Used

Bark of the root and the leaves
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

The wild indigo is of several species of closely related genus. Wild indigo has blackish and woody roots, a perennial plant, sends up a stem which is very much branched, round, smooth and from 2-3 feet high. The leaves are rounded at the extremity, small, clover-like and alternate. The bright yellow, pea-like, flowers appear in July and August. The fruit is a bluish-black color in the form of an oblong pod. Any portion of the plant, when dried, yields a blue dye which is not equal in value to indigo.

Other varieties: Cream wild indigo (B. leucophaea) and blue false indigo (B. australis).
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Where Found

Found in the southern and eastern states of the United States and Canada. Dry soil.
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Medicinal Properties

Antiseptic, stimulant, purgative, emmenagogue
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Biochemical Information

The seed pod contains indigo, tannin, acid and baptisia
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Legends, Myths and Stories

In India and Pakistan, some of the local names are Guli, Nil-Nilika; common and Indian Indigo.

The vegetable dye known to have been in use the longest is indigo. An indigo-dyed garment dating from about 3000 BC was found in the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes; and references to blue in the biblical book of Exodus (25:4 and 35:25) undoubtedly mean also that indigo was used, although by this times purple and red had joined the company. Indigo dye happens to be naturally resistant to fading, but most vegetables dyes are “fugitive” and need added treatment to become color-fast.
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If the shoots are used after they acquire a green color they will cause dramatic purgation. A stem decoction used for pneumonia, tuberculosis, and influenza. The tips of Indigo combined and boiled with chopped twigs of Utah Juniper (Juniperus osteosperma) was used as a kidney medication. The tea was used in cases of smallpox, given internally in small doses and externally as a cleansing wash.

Used in ulcerations of the skin and mucous colitis and amebic dysentery, follicular tonsillitis and quinsy, septic conditions of the blood, muscular soreness, rheumatic and arthritic pains, and constriction of the chest, whooping cough, dropsy, epilepsy, nervous disorders, chills, fever. Also good for mumps and, piles, worms.

Externally, applications of leaf poultice or a paste of indigo and warm water is used for burns, scalds, wounds, insect bites, animal bites, boils.
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Formulas or Dosages

Infusion: steep 1 tsp. in 1 pint of boiling water. Take 1 tsp. at a time, as required.

Tincture: take 10-20 drops 3 times a day. Use with caution.
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Do not exceed the stated dose; high doses may cause vomiting.
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, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973.

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

Herbal Gardening, compiled by The Robison York State Herb Garden, Cornell Plantations, Matthaei Botanical Gardens of the University of Michigan, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley., Pantheon Books, Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994, first edition

, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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