(Herbs Knowledge) Henbane

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 20 views

Henbane Scientific Names and Common Names,Henbane Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Henbane Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Herbs Knowledge) Henbane


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Warning | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Hyoscyamus niger L.SolanaceaeNightshade family

Common Names

Black henbane
Devil’s eye
Fetid nightshade
Hog bean
Jupiter’s bean
Poison tobacco
Stinking nightshade
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Parts Usually Used

Seeds, leaves
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Henbane is a biennial plant; the brown, spindle-shaped rootstock produces, in the second year, a dirty-green stem covered with sticky hairs and bearing alternate, sticky oblong-lanceolate, sessile leaves. The funnel-shaped flowers are dull yellow or beige, with purple veins and bases, and grow in one-sided, leafy spikes from July to September. The plant has a fetid odor.
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Where Found

Found growing in dry, sandy soils, waste grounds and gravelyards and around the foundations of neglected houses in northern states of the United States, and in Canada and Europe.
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Medicinal Properties

Anodyne, antispasmodic, calmative, narcotic, analgesic, diuretic, hypnotic
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Biochemical Information

Alkaloids including hyoscyamin and atropine, tannin, choline, traces of essential oil. Contains the narcotics hyoscyamine and scopolamine, which are used as pain killers and to induce sleep. Deadly poison without medical supervision.
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Legends, Myths and Stories

Once upon a time, henbane was believed to have aphrodisiac properties and was a main ingredient in love potions. Hamlet’s father was murdered by pouring a distillation of henbane in his ear (perhaps he had complained of earache).

Henbane has figured prominently in literature and folklore throughout the ages as a poisonous narcotic similar to belladonna and datura. Therefore, no formulas are attached.
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Because of the danger of poisoning, henbane is used primarily for external applications. An oil obtained from the leaves is made into anodyne lotions and used for earache and rheumatism. A decoction or tincture is sometimes taken for nervousness and irritability or to relieve pain.

It stops perspiration, induces sleep, good for hysteria, irritable cough, asthma, gastric ulcer, colitis, and irritable bladder syndrome.

Externally, apply to old ulcers, sores, gout.
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The whole plant is poisonous. Children have been poisoned by eating the seeds or seed pods. Considered very dangerous when taken internally. Use only under medical supervision.
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, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973.

, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

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Category: Herbs

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