(Herbs Knowledge) Gum Plant

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 29 views

Gum Plant Scientific Names and Common Names,Gum Plant Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Gum Plant Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Herbs Knowledge) Gum Plant


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Warning | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Grindelia squarrosa L. Compositae Composite family

Common Names

August flower
Sticky heads
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Parts Usually Used

Leaves, flowering tops
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Gum plant is a bushy biennial or perennial plant; several stems grow together to a height of 1-2 feet and bear alternate, oblong to ovate or lanceolate, sharply serrate or denticulate (the uppermost may be entire), leathery leaves. It has many leafy branches and many flower heads. Two to five yellow flower heads, about an inch across, grow in a terminal cyme; they are sticky and the bracts which surround them are rolled back; from August to September. Flowers of aromatic taste and balsamic odor.
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Where Found

Native to, but not plentiful in, the coastal areas of California. Found in open and dry areas, on roadsides and waste land and often a weed of rangeland. British Columbia to Minnesota and south to California and Texas.
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Medicinal Properties

Antispasmodic, demulcent, diaphoretic, expectorant, sedative
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Biochemical Information

Up to 21% amorphous resins, tannin, laevoglucose and volatile oils
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Legends, Myths and Stories

The Shoshone Indians called the gum plant (Grindelia squarrosa) by the name of “Sanaka para” and the Blackfeet Indians called it “Aks-Peis.”They used it as a cough medicine; using the upper 1/3 of the plant dried, especially the sticky buds. This was also taken for dropsy and smallpox. The boiled root was taken as a tea internally.
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Used in small doses, gum plant helps colds, nasal congestion, bronchial irritation, and for the spasms of whooping cough and asthma. Has been used to treat catarrhal kidney problems, iritis, indigestion, and cystitis. Externally, the tea is used as a wash for burns, rashes, blisters, and inflammations; a fluid extract, diluted with 6 to 10 parts water, can be applied to skin irritation caused by poison ivy or poison oak (soak a clean bandage, keep it moist, and change often). Used in external ulcers, impetigo, eczema and allergic dermatitis. Native Americans used the buds on the plant, dried they were used for smallpox and measles, toothache, rheumatism.
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Formulas or Dosages

Use dried leaves or flowering tops.

Infusion: steep 1 tsp. dried leaves or flowering tops in 1 cup boiling water. Take 1 cup a day.

Tincture of Grindelia: take 5-30 drops, as required.
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Gum plant tends to take up selenium compounds (a sulphur-like non-metallic element) from the soil and store them. It becomes toxic in areas where the soil is rich in selenium; do not pick it from such areas. Large doses can be poisonous; smaller doses may cause slowing of the heartbeat. Avoid in cases of low blood pressure.

Because of its high resin content, it is considered hard on the kidneys and for this reason usually is used only for acute ailments.
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, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994

, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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