(Herbs Knowledge) Coltsfoot

| September 11, 2012 | 0 Comments | 10 views

Coltsfoot Scientific Names and Common Names,Coltsfoot Biochemical Information,Uses,Warning,Where Found,Parts Usually Used,Coltsfoot Description of Plant(s) and Culture,Medicinal Properties.

(Herbs Knowledge) Coltsfoot


Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties | Biochemical Information
Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Nutrient Content | How Sold | Warning | Bibliography

Scientific Names

Tussilago farfara L.CompositaeComposite family

Common Names

British tobacco
Flower velure
Foal’s foot
Ginger root
K’uan-tung (Chinese name)
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Parts Usually Used

Berries, flowers, root and leaves
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Description of Plant(s) and Culture

Coltsfoot is a perennial plant 4-8 inches high; the creeping rootstock sends up first the downy white scaly flower stems topped by large, bright, yellow, daisy-like flowers with many slender rays on a reddish-scaled stalk, then, after the flowers wilt, the cordate, dentate (heart-shaped) leaves appear from whose shape the plant gets its name. The leaves stand on long footstalks and are glabrous above and downy white beneath. March-April.
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Where Found

Found in the United States, Europe, Siberia, and the East Indies in wet areas such as streambanks, in pastures, hedges, waste land, and on ridges or embankments, preferring loamy and limestone soils. Nova Scotia to New Jersey; Ohio to Minnesota.
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Medicinal Properties

Astringent, demulcent, emollient, expectorant, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, pectoral, diaphoretic, tonic
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Biochemical Information

Caoutchouc, volatile oils, pectin, resin, and tannins

Flowers contain mucin, two flavonoids (rutin and arnidiol) and faradio, essential oil. Leaves contain mucin, abundant tannin, sitosterol, saltpeter, inulin, a glycosidal bitter principle.
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Legends, Myths and Stories

Coltsfoot is a curious herb which seems to grow in 2 distinct stages. Very early in the growing season, the plant develops flat orange flower heads. Only after the flowers have withered do the broad, hoof-shaped, sea-green leaves develop. This habit of growth earned coltsfoot its old name of Filius ante patrem (the son before the father).

Smoking coltsfoot for coughs and asthma was recommended by Dioscorides, the Greek physician. The Latin name of the plant means “cough dispeller” and even today, herbal cigarettes often contain coltsfoot.

In China, only the flowers, known as kuan dong hua, are used.

Mat I Matcheha, mother and step mother, is Russia’s name for coltsfoot.

Coltsfoot is said to “madden young stallions and fleeted mares”.

Coltsfoot herb is a main ingredient in British herbal smoke mixtures, generally consisting of Buckbean, Eyebright, Rosemary, Thyme, Lavender, and Chamomile.
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For various skin disorders, persistent cough, headache, asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, catarrh, flu, hoarseness, pleurisy, apoplexy, sore throat, inflammation, fever, diarrhea, piles, indigestion, and scrofula.

For chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath, and dry cough, try smoking the leaves. The crushed leaves or a decoction can be applied externally for insect bites, inflammations, general swellings, burns, erysipelas, leg ulcers, sores, and phlebitis.
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Formulas or Dosages

Collect the flower as soon as they open, the leaves when they reach full size.

The following is a Chinese prescription for relieving throat irritation, stubborn coughs and irritations of the lungs and air passages:

K’uan-tung (coltsfoot leaves) 1 oz.Hu-lu-pa (fenugreek seeds) 1 oz.Chiang (crushed fresh ginger root) 1/4 oz.

Put the ginger root and fenugreek seeds in 1 quart of cold water and bring to a boil. Simmer for 10 minutes, strain. Pour the boiling decoction into a container in which 1 oz. coltsfoot leaves are placed. Mix well, cover, allow to stand until cold. Strain, reheat, and add 1 tbsp. honey and a small amount of powdeered Kan-ts’ao (Chinese licorice root). Take 3 to 4 cups of the tea daily.

The leaves bruised or steeped in hot water may be applied externally.

Infusion: use 1-3 tsp. leaves or flowers with 1 cup water; steep for 30 minutes and strain. Sweeten with honey and take warm.

Decoction: use 1 oz. of leaves in 1 quart of water, let boil down to 1 pint. Sweeten with honey and take 1 cup 3 or 4 times a day.

Juice: take 1-2 tbsp., 3 times a day.

Tincture: take 1-2 tsp. at a time.
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Nutrient Content

Potassium, calcium, vitamin C
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How Sold

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Contains traces of liver-affecting pyrrolizidine alkaloids, potentially toxic in large doses, has caused liver damage in rats.

Use internally only under medical supervision.
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, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1988, fifth printing, 1994

, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994

, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, published from 1954, print 1988

, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973.

, by Dr. H.C.A. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991

, by David Conway, published by Jonathan Cape, Thirty Bedford Square, London, England. (Out of print)

, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

, by James F. Balch, M.D. and Phyllis A. Balch, C.N.C., Avery Publishing Group, Inc., Garden City Park, NY

, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023, 1984

, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

, by Richard Lucas, Parker Publishing Company, Inc., West Nyack, NY, 1987.

, HCBL (Health Center for Better Living).,1414 Rosemary Lane, Naples, FL 34103., Special Sale Catalog, 1996

, edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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Category: Herbs

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